What is a Personality Disorder?
Fraser Valley Treatment Centre, or FVTC, offers affordable treatment for people with a personality disorder. We are a private treatment centre in the Fraser Valley, providing addiction rehab and therapy for people with a severe personality disorder. Personality disorders affect 6% to 15% of the population of Canada and are usually identifiable by adolescence or early adulthood, although many do not seek help until much later. Fraser Valley Treatment Centre has doctors and health professionals who specialize in addiction, disorder diagnosis and treating disorders such as a personality disorder.
Personality is how a person thinks, feels and behaves that makes them distinctive from others. Personality is shaped by hereditary, experience and environment and usually doesn’t change very much over time. When a person thinks, feels and behaves differently from the expectations of society, resulting in anguish and-or problems functioning and continuing over a long period time, they are said to have a personality disorder and may benefit from treatment for their personality disorder.
Personality disorders involve at least two of these things:
- The way a person thinks about themselves and others
- The way a person reacts emotionally
- A person’s way of interacting with others
- A person’s way of controlling their behaviour
Without treatment, a personality disorder can persist indefinitely causing significant problems and limitations in all aspects of life including work, school, social activities and relationships.
Types of Personality Disorders
There are 10 types of personality disorders grouped into 3 categories:
- Paranoid personality disorder - being suspicious of others, perceiving them as cruel, spiteful and-or deceitful and as a result not confiding in or getting close to others
- Schizoid personality disorder - being disconnected from relationships and showing little emotion, choosing to be alone and seemingly not caring about the opinions of others
- Schizotypal personality disorder - being uncomfortable in intimate relationships, possessing distorted thinking and eccentric behavior, having odd beliefs, behavior and-or speech and possibly extreme social anxiety
Emotional and impulsive
- Borderline personality disorder - instability in close relationships, extreme emotions, bad self-image and impulsiveness; can go to extremes to avoid abandonment, have suicide attempts, exhibit inappropriately extreme anger and-or have continual feelings of emptiness
- Histrionic personality disorder –rapidly changing or excessive emotions, attention seeking, uncomfortable not being the center of attention, possible use of physical appearance for attention
- Narcissistic personality disorder - need for adulation, lack of empathy, excessive sense of self-importance, a sense of entitlement, taking advantage of others
- Antisocial personality disorder - discounting or violating the rights of others, not conforming to social standards, repeatedly lying or misleading others, acting impulsively
- Avoidant personality disorder - severe shyness and sensitivity to criticism, feelings of inadequacy, low self-esteem and-or socially awkward
- Dependent personality disorder - needing to be taken care of, subservient, clingy, insecure, difficulty making decisions without the support of others
- Obsessive-compulsive personality disorder - obsession with order, precision and control, extremely fixated on details and-or schedules, might work excessively, not allotting time for relaxation and-or friends, or might be rigid with morality and values (NOT the same as obsessive compulsive disorder)
A person can have more than one personality disorder.
Diagnosis and Treatment of Personality Disorders
A person often doesn’t realize they have a personality disorder because their way of thinking and behaving seems normal to them. They might feel others are to blame for the difficulties in their life. Individuals under the age of 18 are usually not diagnosed with a personality disorder as their personalities are still forming.
Diagnosis of a personality disorder involves a mental health professional studying long-term patterns of behaviour and symptoms; this is followed by a recommendation of a course of therapy. At Fraser Valley Treatment Centre, psychotherapy is used to enable an individual to gain insight into how their disorder affects their thoughts, feelings and behaviors, as well as how their behavior affects others. Group therapy, dialectical behavior therapy and cognitive behavioral therapy are a few of the methods used at Fraser Valley Treatment Centre to help an individual learn to cope with a personality disorder.
At Fraser Valley Treatment Centre, a treatment plan for personality disorders is tailored to meet the needs of each individual. If you, or a loved one, is struggling with a personality disorder, take the first step and give us a call, or schedule a free, no obligation consultation on personality disorder therapy.